SELECTING A MAJOR 
SECTION TWO 



 INTRODUCTION

 
  • Although some technical careers may require certain majors e.g.. nursing, teaching, accounting), many careers do not demand a certain major.(e.g lawyer) 
  • In many cases, employers hire people with skills, not particular majors. They look for employees who have the ability to complete tasks associated with the job description.
  • Job titles do not fully convey information about the skills required to fulfill the job responsibilities. Similarly, college majors do little to convey your qualifications to pursue a specific job.  
  • THE 50 BEST JOBS IN AMERICA appears in the magazine MONEY (November 2009) 88





LINKS

  
One way to begin is to think beyond college to what kind of job or career you'd like to pursue. It might be something you enjoy, something you're good at, or even something you're interested in. CHANGE http://www.advising.ilstu.edu/major.shtml
http://www.bethel.edu/career-services/career-planning/career-links 
Bethel U

 

SUMMARIZING WEBSITES

 
There are many websites which give useful information about career options. In this section we list a few of these websites including several MUST READ websites.

OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK HANDBOOK (OOH) "is your definitive guide to industry trends, salaries, and employment projections for hundreds of careers. It's published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics." MAXIMUM BENEFIT FROM THE OOH will help in navigating the Occupational Outlook Handbook.
    

SOURCE

 

CAREER INFORMATION
provided for
various majors

 

COMMENTS

   

 

   

OCCUPATIONAL
OUTLOOK
HANDBOOK

 
  • Nature of the work
  • Working conditions
  • Employment
  • Training
  • Other qualifications
  • Job outlook
  • Earnings
  • Related occupations
  • Sources of additional 
       information
  •   This is a MUST READ for general and
    career information.

    CAREER VOYAGES

     
  • Gives detailed information on
        the twelve
    High Growth 
        Industries
     and three
    Emerging 
       Industries
  • Gives data on OTHER IN-DEMAND
        occupations including the
        education ccupations and lawyers.
  • FOR EACH STATE, gives data
       forthe Top 25 Occupations
  • If you are not sure where to
       start or where your interests
       lies, see the 
    CAREER COMPASS   
  •   This is a MUST READ for general and
    career information.

    BETHEL UNIVERSITY

     
  • Give numerous Sample 
       Occupations
    that 
       represent some career
       opportunities available to 
       the given major.
  •   The sample occupations given are
    not as numerous as other websits
    but they are more relevant, albeit,
    as other websites.

    CALIFORNIA
    OCCUPATIONAL
    GUIDES

     
  • What does a ____ do?
  • What skills are important?
  • What's the work environment?
  • What's the California job outlook?
  • What's the pay in California?
  • How to prepare for the job?
  • How to find the job?
  • Where can the job lead? 
  •  Other sources of information.
  •   Although geared toward those who 
    plan to work in California, most of the
    material is useful no matter where
    you intend to work.

    This is a MUST READ
    for general
    and career information.

    JOBWEB

     
  • Can search by major for a list of 
         jobs offered to people in that 
         major     
  • Scroll down a little and  you can
         pick a career and see which
         majors might fit that career.
  •     This website may be unique in letting one
    quickly go from a career to majors which
    might fit that career. For this reason, this
    website is a MUST READ.

    NORTHERN
    ILLINOIS
    UNIVERSITY
    (DeKalb)

     
  • Give numerous Sample 
         Occupations
    that represent 
         some career opportunities 
         available to the given major.
  • See the first one or two items in
         the top center column of 
    Sample
        Occupations for career information. 
  • Scroll down for numerous career-
         related  links.
  •  

    This website is a MUST READ since each of
    the Sample Occupations 
    (which seem to be
    well chosen)
     is linked to the Occupational
    Outlook Handbook (OOH) and because of the
    abundance of links.

    BALL STATE
    UNIVERSITY

    (Muncie, Indiana)

     
  • Gives a short description of  the
         major and where majors find work.
  • List of occupations that represent
         some career opportunities available
         to the given major.
  • Scroll down for recommended
         websites.
  •  

    For all the occupations listed, provides links
    to the Occupational Outlook Handbook (OOH).

    This website is also a MUST READ since a
    wider selection of appropriate careers is
    obtained by using this website and the
    Northern Illinois University website.

    UNIVERSITY
    OF
    TENNEESSEE

     
  • The HTML and PDF files have 
        identical material but different 
        formats: for each of the various 
        career AREAS open to the major, 
        both the HTML and the PDF give 
        the subareas, the EMPLOYERS, 
        and STRATEGIES designed to 
        maximize career opportunities
  • Click on the third column to find
         appropriate links.
  •   The STRATEGIES in the HTML file are quite
    useful. 
           

    ARIZONA
    STATE
    UNIVERSITY

     
  • Gives an outline of common career 
       AREAS, typical EMPLOYERS, and 
       STRATEGIES.
  •    

    UNIVERSITY
    OF TEXAS
    (Austin)

     
  • DIRECT Career Options,
  • LESS DIRECT Career Options,
  • INDIRECT Career Options
  •  

    This website distinguishes among the
    career options with the DIRECT Career
    Options being the careers for which the
    skills required by thecareer are similar
    to the skills acquired from the major, etc. 
    .
    A short description of each career option
    is given.

    MIAMI
    UNIVERSITY
    Oxford, Ohio 

     
  • Competencies presumably 
       acquired from the major.
  • Career Opportunities
  •  

    Looks like serious thought given to the
    career opportunities which are partitioned
    by area (e.g. ecology, communications) or
    employer (e.g government, business/industry).

    UNIVERSITY
    OF NORTH
    CAROLINA
    (Wilmington)

     
  • Related Career Titles
  • Related Major Skills
  • Related Websites  
  •   The related websites are useful.

    UNIVERSITY
    OF
    DELAWARE

     
  • Sample Job Titles
  • Hints for enhancing employability
  • Some employees of the major
  • Other sources of information
       (Links)
  •  

    Sample job titles are realistic. 
    Separates the Bachelor's Degree/Entry level
    careers from the
    Further Education/
    Experience Often Required careers.  

    See Hints for enhancing employability.

    FLORIDA
    STATE
    UNIVERSITY

     
  • Sample Occupations
  • Sample Work Settings
  • Sample Professional  Organizations
  • Sample websites
  •   Sample Professional Organizations is useful.

    WRIGHT STATE
    UNIVERSITY
    (Ohio)

     
  • What is _____?
  • Careers in _____?
  • Career Opportunities  
  •   This website only provides information for
    business careers.
     

     



    CAREER OPTIONS
     SUMMARIZING WEBSITES
     

    THE TYPE OF INFORMATION PROVIDED  IN THE FOLLOWING WEBSITES
    DIFFERS FROM THE INFORMATION PROVIDED IN THE PRECEDING WEBSITES

     

    SOURCE

     

    CAREER INFORMATION
    PROVIDED
    FOR
    VARIOUS
    MAJORS

     

     COMMENT

       

     

       

    UNIVERSITY
    OF
    PENNSYLVANIA

     
  • For each major, the table  
         indicates the first jobs taken
         or graduate schools attended,
         as relevant, by the graduates 
         immediately after their graduation.
  •  

    This is a MUST READ for general and career
    information. 

    The data are collected from Career Services'
    annual survey of students graduating from the
    College of Arts and Sciences (University of
    Pennsylvania); last updated in November, 2004.

    Most department websites imply that their
    majors receive great job offers after graduation. 
    Here we see some hard data. Unless you attend
    an ivy league school or equivalent, you probably
    should not expect your peers to do as well as
    the University of Pennsylvania graduates do.  

    COLLEGE
    BOARD.COM

       
  • Ten Hottest Careers for 
        College Graduates
  • Ten Fastest Growing 
        Occupations for College 
        Graduates
  • Occupations with the Most
        New Jobs: Bachelor's
        Degrees 
  •  
       


    CAREER OPTIONS
     INVESTIGATING CAREER OPTIONS

     

    Once a relatively-short list of possible majors has been attained, you may want to investigate career options related to these majors. To do this you should use the internet (see below for recommended websites) and the services of the Career Center at your college. FRANKLIN PIERCE COLLEGE (Rindge, New Hampshire)  recommends investigating career options by obtaining information on the following career-related topics.

    • Job responsibilities and typical job settings
    • Education and training requirements for specific jobs
    • Skills necessary for the field
    • Salary ranges
    • Short term and long term job outlook
    • Advancement opportunities
    • Pros and cons of each job/field
    • What you need to do in college to increase your job options at graduation 

     

     
     

    The material in this chapter is relevant to more than one major.CHECK OUT: http://www.nycareerzone.org/graphic/index.jsp 

    MILITARY (ROTC)     http://www.collegeview.com/articles/CV/campuslife/rotc_101.html

    http://www.collegeview.com/articles/CV/careers/selecting_major.html
    www.bls.gov/oco OCCUPATIONAL OUTLOOK HANDBOOK

    http://www.occupationalinfo.org/ DICTIONARY OF OCCUPATIONAL TITLES




     

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    Email: morrisdeleon@bellsouth.net